In this tutorial I’ll show you how to make a basic Edwardian Pompadour hairstyle. This 1910 Pompadour updo is described as ‘chic and pretty, without being in any way over-elaborate’. ‘The Pompadour style is one of the quickest methods of dressing the hair’ (Every Woman’s Encyclopaedia, 1910-2): It can be done in less than ten minutes.
First wave your front hair. Here you’ll find my Edwardian pin curl tutorial.
Part your hair from ear to ear, ‘leaving a fringe about two inches deep hanging round the forehead and ears’. (Every Woman’s Encyclopaedia, 1910-2) Gather the rest of the hair and make a ponytail at the top of the head. ‘An elastic band is used. Thus it is held firmly, and this is a great comfort and really the only correct foundation for a stylish coiffure. Otherwise it will slide, and we all know the horror of feeling that one’s hair has ridden down the neck exactly three inches below the starting point.’ (The Illustrated Milliner, 1902)
Tease the waved front hair slightly. Then ‘brush the hair lightly upwards and back, […] draw the roll thus made into the desired position, […] with the ends, just a little above the “tie” of the foundation tail. The depth of the Pompadour may then be regulated according to taste, by shortening or lengthening the ends held in the left hand. Some ladies like a deep roll, while others prefer it quite shallow. Having fixed the size of the roll, hold it in place with the left hand, while the right quickly fixes it in place with two small combs – pins are useless in fixing a Pompadour roll.’ (Every Woman’s Encyclopaedia, 1910-2)
I’ve tried hair combs but they didn’t hold my hair. So I’ve secured the Pompadour roll with bobby pins which worked.
‘The ends may then be twisted round the foundation tail, and secured with pins.’ (Every Woman’s Encyclopaedia, 1910-2)
‘The most simple and speedy method of disposing of the foundation tail is by making a neat figure of “8.” […] This style […] is one which should prove of the greatest use to business girls, as it is chic and pretty, without being in any way over-elaborate.’ (Every Woman’s Encyclopaedia, 1910-2) Twist the ponytail till a loop forms – the bottom of the ‘8’.
Keep twisting the ponytail and make a second loop at the top. Hide the hair-ends and secure the ‘8’ with pins.
‘The whole thing is done with two quick movements, and needs three or four pins, properly inserted, to keep it in position.’ (Every Woman’s Encyclopaedia, 1910-2)
‘The Pompadour style of dressing the hair depends entirely for its success on the skill shown by the wearer in adapting the “Pompadour” roll to her own type of beauty. Let me warn my readers that the tendency of a Pompadour is towards hardness unless certain things are done to ensure a soft effect. […] Having made a perfectly neat, rather stiff roll of the front hair – receding from the forehead – the fingers must be inserted boldly in the hair, one hand pulling it down, while the other lifts it up. This gives a soft, broken effect, most desirable in this style, which otherwise leaves the hair in a very unbecoming hard line across the forehead.’ (Every Woman’s Encyclopaedia, 1910-2)